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Primary School Teacher, Role, Training, Salary & Description

Primary School Teacher, Role, Training, Salary & DescriptionA career working in primary school teacher jobs positions in the UK is one of the honourable positions in learning.  Primary school teacher  role you are the biggest decision maker on pupils learning where you as a teacher are given the responsibility of the academic achievement of a class of young age learners.

Primary school teacher role

To be successful you’ll need to be committed to the role, organised, learn from prior lessons and want to help children to achieve the best they can.

From my experience as a teacher working outside the classroom, sometimes till late at night is essential to be prepared for each lesson.

Working hours per week will be 50-55 hours with lesson plans, marking and other paperwork to complete on a weekly basis at school or at home.

At the start of the school year you’ll detail schemes of work for each subject and year group according to the national curriculum.

Before arriving at school each morning you will have a lesson plan for the day’s lesson with topics to cover.


Part of the day will see you recording homework, develop worksheets & teaching aids, attend meetings, and continuously monitor progress of each child. Teaching is not just about giving a lesson in class; it also encompasses emotional and academic support in & out of the classroom.

Key is how well you control classroom management and behaviour for learning. Essentially you are looking for attentive and engaged learners who listen, respond and talk when it is their turn.


Primary teacher salary

Pay scale primary teacher salary: England & Wales 1st September 2019  – 31st August 2020 (Outside London) starting:

M1 £24,373,  M2 £26,298,   M3 28,413,    M4 £30,599    M5 33,010   M6 35,971   U1 37,654  U2 39,050   U3 40,490

Leadership grade L1 £41,065 to L43 £114,060 (England, not London)

Head teachers pay £46,457 up to £121, 749 depending on location and grade level.

Fringe London primary teaching salary: M1 £25,543  M2 £27,468   M3 29,581   M4 32,775   M5 34,179   M6  37,152      U1 £38,979  U2 £40,189   U3  £41,635

Inner London primary school teacher pay scale:  From M1 £30,480 to M6 £41,483

Additional payments are paid to teachers with teaching & learning responsibilities where they receive TLR 1 £8,069- £13,654  TLR 2  2,796 – £6,829   TLR 1 £555-£2,757 payments.

Highly experienced teachers are paid as leading practitioner in England £41,267 to £70,540 depending on location of the school.


Salary in Scotland for teachers: (Probationary/Nqt £27,498 ) Point 1 £32, 994 – £41,412,  head teacher.& deputies £51,207 to £98,808.

In Scotland as a Chartered Teacher at £42,696 to £50,772.

Pension contributions from your salary each month are deducted and the school contributes also to your pension retirement pot.

Free schools and academies in England have their own pay & conditions. They can pay teachers what they wish, with some paying extra for shortage subject teachers.

See Education Institute Scotland and Department for Education pay and conditions


Responsibilities and primary teacher role

Primary school teacher job description also involves working and collaborating with others, especially people in a primary teaching assistant jobs role. Your job can be one of the most rewarding, fulfilling and challenging careers.

Accepting one of the many jobs as a teacher to young school children in the UK from Scotland England & Wales you teach a range of subjects in an age group from reception or key stages 1 and 2. 

General teachers are given their own class of pupils where they stay all day. 

You can specialise in a specific key stage or as a teacher of English, maths, physical education.

Balancing your workload, assessments, record keeping, parent evenings, observations and stress level to meet set targets are everyday tasks.

Teachers are responsible for, or part of a whole subject, or pastoral area teaching classes with teaching assistants and leaning support colleagues.


Roles and responsibilities of a teacher in the classroom are varied, and actually there is a long list of tasks by day, week and throughout the year. Other more complex duties include:

  • Consciously setting high expectation of pupils discipline and behaviour in the classroom and around the school. Further, create a classroom environment that learners respect and work together to achieving learning goals
  • Challenging and rectify inappropriate behaviour following the schools behaviour policy
  • Use a variety of learning & teaching strategies appropriate for pupils, lesson topic & objective.  Pupils should be engaged throughout the time span of each lesson by listening, answering questions, completing set tasks or group work
  • Use a mix of resources to stimulate pupil’s enquiry, motivation and investigation of the lesson topic

  • Plan appropriate and effective lessons ensuring all students are learning to the best of their ability.  Specifically extend learning to bright and able students while also helping less able students.
  • Participate in training & development sessions at the school, partner schools or other training organisation
  • Liaise with senior leadership, parents and external bodies in relation to child protection, health and behaviour
  • Set, mark, grade homework and record completion & individual pupil progress
  • Meet and communicate with parents on aspects of a child’s learning
  • Organise school outings and trips to cultural & social events
  • Attend out of school class time activities & events organised at the school
  • Keep up to date with curriculum developments


Qualifications & training as primary teacher

One of bachelor of education BEd, BSc or BA with qualified teacher status (QTS). For Scotland qualified teacher PGDE or BEd with Standard of Provisional Registration with General Teaching Council Scotland (GTCS).

Another university way is for degree holders to train towards a PGCE primary education for England & Wales.

Entry requirements to teaching

Good grades at GCSE for English Mathematics & science at grade C and above for Northern Ireland, Wales & England.  Qualifications for Scotland’s teacher training look at this comprehensive guide.  Basically, SCQF Level 6 or above in English (Higher) and Level 5 in Mathematics.

More eligibility questions answered for England and Wales visit this page.

You also need a relevant good degree and are subject to a full criminal record check for all countries you have visited in the past 10 years for stays 6 months or more.

School training route:

(School Direct) has become more popular, and is open to degree holders to train at a school for one year gaining a recognised qualification and QTS.

School centred initial teacher training (SCITT) in England & Wales schools) leads to QTS.

Specialist teacher training providers also arrange training with experience, such as a Teach First.

Assessment only QTS for degree holders that have years of experience can submit a portfolio of evidence and pass observations. This option is open to confident and experienced teachers that teach unqualified.

In a Scottish primary school all teachers must have a teaching qualification and training for 5-12 year old. General teaching council Scotland regulations for registration. England & Wales you registrar as a teacher with GTC.

Similarly, you must be registered (GTCS) to teach in any school now in Scotland from state maintained primary schools or the boarding & independent sector.

In addition, in Scotland a primary teacher must have trained and qualified as a primary teacher in Scotland or other country. Theses rules are General teaching council Scotland regulations for registration as a teacher.

Teachers at schools in Northern Ireland require to be registered with General Teaching Council Northern Ireland (GTCNI).

Overseas teachers from countries such as New Zealand, Canada, USA and Australia only required to have their teachers qualification assessed as similar, no need for QTS.

Funding for teacher training

Fees funding and training bursary available for primary job training. You are given a non returnable bursary and university fees are also paid.

England & Wales: See Department of Education for routes including general teacher, specialists in mathematics, physical education or English.

Scotland, visit the official government teacher website.  Less bursaries available and more restrictive in Scotland.

You are also eligible for students loans for the duration of your initial teacher training course.  See this page for all 4 home nations application.


Do you require a degree to become a teacher?  Essentially yes, as there are limited options.

Very few schools will appoint a person as a class teacher without QTS and formal teacher training. Unqualified teacher yes. although will be on a temporary basis until they appoint a qualified teacher, then you are out the door.

Free schools recruit the best teachers they can and seldom employ unqualified teachers and rare occasions academies do for a short time.

Boarding & independent school:  Not required to hold QTS in England & Wales, Scotland is not an option as you must be qualified to teach.

Selection of academies: You would be lucky, certainly you would have substantial experience and some sort of level 5 qualification in the subject area.


Train as a teacher option see Scotland       for    England Wales and NI grades, subjects required and other information also detailed.


Training providers and applications

Teacher training applications are through University Central Admissions Service (UCAS)  or options online for England, Scotland and Wales.  Northern Ireland you apply directly to the university or training provider.

Large number of universities provide training courses for BA, BSc, BEd, PGCE qualifications. Look on UCAS website for the course of your choice.

Teachers training in Scotland is essentially provided by 11 universities for undergraduate & postgraduate primary training.

Check out the following to get into teaching and information: Department of Education for Northern Ireland (DENI)     Teach in Scotland    Learning Wales .



Work experience with children

All teacher training providers require to see evidence you have previous experience working or been around children.  Best experience is through volunteering your time at a local primary school.  You could also sit in classes observing teachers, although get ready to participate with questions and possible group work.

Another way to get the required experience is by taking a job as a teaching assistant. You get paid and does not require to be a permanent post.

School teacher taster days are regularly organised by local authorities and school training organisations.

Play schemes, Sunday schools and clubs could be alternatives, although they are second best.

You also need to start reading about the role of a teacher, national curriculum, and issues in teaching at a primary school today.

All this is planned months before a teacher training interview.  See here for ideas on school experience.


Key skills required by all teachers

All primary teacher’s require patience, sense a humour; good health, get on with other people, imagination and creativity in lessons.

  • Good Communicator
  • Compassionate, firm with a high degree of interpersonal skills for all ages
  • Information technology literate
  • Well organised and adaptable to change quickly
  • Very strong time management ability to stay on time and meet tight time scales
  • Imaginative and somewhat creative with tasks
  • Attention to details and able to correct issues when arising
  • Certainly calm under pressure at all times



School children taught according to age

In each home nation of the UK pupils at learn in class depending on their age:

Northern Ireland primary schools follow their own National Curriculum

Foundation (Years 1-2) at age 4-6

KS1 (Years 3-4) at 6-8

KS2 (Years 5-7) at 8-11


Scotland primary schools follow Curriculum for Excellence – CfE and pupils are allocated to classes:

Nursery age 4, 5 (P1)

Primary (P2-4) age 6-8

Primary (P3-7) age 9-11


Wales primary school choose to follow Foundation Phase and the National Curriculum:

Foundation phase age 3-7

Key stage 2 from 7-11


England primary school follows the National Curriculum for England

Foundation includes nursery, reception age 3-5

KS1 (Years 1-2) age 5-7

KS2 (Years 3-6) age 6-11


In the primary independent private sector, a fee paying primary is known as a preparatory school where fees are payable, child selection admission testing and attendance can be from 4 until 13 years old.


Professional development as a teacher

Inset training days spread out during the year cover health & safety, child protection, curriculum developments and school wide issues.

For you to excel in a primary teacher post you will require continually learning and improving:

  • Knowledge and skills in the classroom
  • Adapt to new teaching methods that are to be tested or adopted
  • Learn and perfect technology use in lessons

You’ll have opportunities to attend in school training courses and other courses possibly run at partners schools in the area.

Certainly taking on extra responsibility, such as phase leader and senior leadership roles will see you first extending your knowledge in many school areas.

A Masters in Education (MEd) is a popular postgraduate degree option and indeed you are encouraged to study, 

Basically am MEd award is additional theory of teaching & learning that helps understanding of the complexities of being a teacher.  Option to study part time or by distance learning with my universities over 2 years.


Continued professional development (CPD) courses you could go on for advancement:

  • Pastoral care
  • Special needs training
  • Technology use in the class and for administration as a teacher
  • Assessment & target setting
  • Child protection, psychology and behaviour issues
  • Step up to senior leadership role training

All the CPD courses are in addition to all your daily tasks as a teacher.  Just letting you in on a little secret from my time as a school teacher.


Career progression & advancement

Highly possible to advance your career, as there are so many schools and a shortage of qualified teachers in senior roles. 

Normally, a teacher would expect to be promoted to phase leader after 5 + years teaching experience, sometime shorter.

You would have well developed teaching skills, good observation records, pupils progressing and overall test scores on target.

Continued professional development (CPD) is an ongoing process with all teachers.  Mandatory hours and optional time per year is expected to be spent on developing as a teacher as well as enhancing, teaching & learning, education technology and strategies.

Help yourself be attending courses and acquiring additional training and qualifications required to be appointed for a head of department or senior leadership role. Which courses? 

Depends on the role you desire and if you are teaching in Scotland, England or Wales.

Leadership and management positions are available at department and school level.


Positions as a teacher include: Subject leader    Phase leader    Head teacher    Assistant head teacher    Deputy head teacher    Early years EYFS teacher    NQT teacher


Holidays and time off from the classroom

Teachers receive what looks like a lot of time off, they are working at home marking and preparing lessons.

2 weeks Christmas & new year

1 week mid February

2 weeks for Easter in April

6 weeks in summer from end of June Scotland, and from mid July for England & Wales

1 week in mid October

New academic year starts and term time runs from mid August to end of June in Scotland and first week in September to mid July in England & Wales.


Where, how and when to apply for primary jobs

Teachers can choose to teach at a village, town or city school or on one of the Islands around the UK.  Primary schools can have a school role as low as 5 pupils up to inner city 800-900 large schools.

As a qualified or trainee teacher you can teach at local government primaries, academies, free schools or at a fee paying independent preparatory school.

Good idea to complete your induction or probationer year in a local authority school. Why, much more organised, support, and less likely to be paid off before the induction year is finished. 

Not a good idea to try and complete an induction period with supply teaching as your contract is not permanent and could finish before you fully qualify as a teacher.

Scotland has a well tried and tested probationary teacher programme scheme where the Scottish Government provides all teachers a year in a local council school to complete their primary school teacher training.

In the rest of the UK NQT teachers can apply for advertised jobs online at council websites, national press and education related websites. 

Jobs in Scotland’s school see myjobscotland website has jobs at primary schools for teachers.


Looking for jobs

Best time to start looking for jobs is around eight months before the start of a new academic year is the answer for a full time permanent position. Schools start advertising in December for the next August or September start in teacher recruitment, local council and increasingly via social media.

Teachers can and also start at anything in the academic year due to teacher shortages.

Schools also at times may use recruitment agencies for harder to fill posts such as stem mathematics and senior leadership teacher’s vacancies throughout the year.

Update your CV and then start looking around for the type of position you are looking for.

Could be that you need to start travelling out with the area you live or relocate if you are seeking a promotion.

As a good teacher with references to match you should have no problem in finding a job in schools as a primary teacher at key stage one or two, or indeed an NQT job.

Don’t forget to check your criminal record check expiry date, although the next school you teach at can apply for a new one.

Schools are looking for teachers with experience, track record of success in the classroom and around the school. Detail in the job application you fill in what traits, qualities and skills you use to bring out the best in students to learn. 

What can you offer outside of the classroom, such as school wide involvement?

Look to apply to 3-4 primary schools for your next post as you never know what type of teacher they are looking to replace.

Skills and qualifications may not be enough, think about training, personality and hours they may offer.  Full and part time primary teacher job vacancies can accommodate someone that is looking to get back into teaching or just looking for a reduced teaching schedule.

Should I apply to a school or through an agency?  Vast majority of teachers should only need to apply to a school job advertisement. Your skills, training and qualifications are in short supply.

All about matching the skills you have to a one of the primary teaching jobs that will suit you as a teacher.  Choose a local council school in a town or village or you maybe suited to a boarding or independent school key stage two or one role.

Is teaching abroad is for you? Well qualified British teachers are in high demand around the world.  You should think long and hard about all the pros and cons of relocating overseas well before any move.


Supply teaching

Large choose of schools, although may not be in your local area.  Sign up with 2 recruitment agencies and or local councils. 

Two good references, current police check DBS or PVG scheme and originals of your teaching certificate, undergraduate degree, with qualified teacher status.

Good option if trying out schools to find out what the culture, discipline and strength of the current management team. 

Many school supply teachers are offered long term or permanent positions when a school can see you are an effective teacher.  Pay can be from £90 – £160 a day depending on the location, London and home counties recruiters offering the most.

Almost all local councils in the UK have supply teacher pools where you can sign up for short or long term teaching placements in a local authority school. This is a good option as you are directly employed by the local government and can receive good references,  full and part time jobs are available.

Real teaching in a UK primary school today. Watch the video of a class primary teacher.


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