All different types of UK private schools are separate from state schools where local councils have no say or day to day running of the fee paying school sector.
Independent schools are essentially run as a business to make a profit or non profit organisation bases.
Being a commercial business they are solely responsible for finding, allocating and managing the schools financial resources for all operational cost requirements.
In the future I will be paying for one or more children to receive a private education.
Continuity & consistency in learning standards & facilities available is essential and I would hope the school has sufficient finances over the years to provide a well rounded education.
Private school funding methods UK
- Financial funds invested by the school owner or investor.
- School tuition fees for each term.
- Enrolment and registration fees of new school pupils.
- Facilities maintenance contribution.
- Donations from prior pupils or organisations.
- Charitable status donations to the school.
- Endowments and legacies left by a person or business.
- Hire out school facilities.
- Independent school runs monthly or periodic events.
- Funding grants and subsidies.
UK independent school methods of financial funding
Schools in the private sector require to constantly generate revenue from regular or periodic means through various methods.
Financial funds invested by the owner or investor
Initial money to start a private school is sourced from the owners and or investors. A private school requires being fully operational and ready to receive paying pupils that will be in the grounds to be taught a range of subjects.
From fully paid up capital investment to loans and equity funds schools have different ways of raising finances for start up costs. Independent schools that are privately owned can first invest funds then attract investors taking a share of the school business.
Schools that are charity owned can use land, buildings, equipment, independent school facilities and money donated or raised without additional funding or also take out a long term loan.
Donations, edowments or legacies left by or given by a person or business can be specifically used for the type of funding the person giving the money intended, such as a private high school giving an athletic scholorship to a student at the school.
School tuition fees for each term
Money paid by parents is the main form of UK private school funding providing regular finances parents pay for they’re child’s education such as independent primary school.
Classes for nursery, preparatory & senior school are split into terms and a pupils education fee’s are payable for the amount of terms of teaching & learning school attendance received that goes towards independent school teachers salary.
Fee’s payable for a child’s tuition can be paid at the beginning of each school term or as one payment at the start of the school academic year for 3 terms in the year, for example independent schools in Glasgow process.
Enrolment and registration fees of new school pupils
Paid by parents when a child first joins an independent school is testing and full pupil registration.
The cost covers the oral, verbal and written entrance test and other administration required for a pupil to be enrolled at a private fee paying & boarding school in the United Kingdom.
Facilities maintenance contribution
Boarding school pupils that have they’re own room or share with another person pay termly fees to live at the school 24 hours a day.
Some boarding & day independent schools charge parents a facilities fee for maintenance of the grounds or sports area.
Donations from prior pupils or organisations
Former pupils at times whom attended the independent school make a one off contribution. Equally, a local business could contribute money, equipment or materials to associate themselves to a certain school.
Payments may be provided with no stipulated condition or the money could be given only for use in education or for example extra curricular activities.
Charitable status donations to the school
A fair number of United Kingdom independent schools around the country also have registered UK charity status.
For some schools this can be a good supplemental income earner that contributes to learning, building maintenance, equipment or offering additional leisure pursuits to pupils.
Endowments and legacies left by a person or business
Former pupils or parents at time leave money, materials or equipment to a private school. Money left in someone will when they die as a thank you to the school that provided a good education and life experience.
Finance as endowments for use on sporting & games facilities or to offer scholarship funding for pupils to attend the school over a number of years.
Hire out school facilities. Sports or consort hall or leisure areas can be hired out weekly when not used by pupils or during school holiday times for one off events or performances. Insurance, legal and other requirements would need to be met before allowing any person not associated with the school daily entrance to the grounds.
Independent school runs monthly or periodic events
Spring and summer fairs, performances selling tickets or charity auctions are means for fee paying schools to raise additional income.
Funding grants and subsidies
Available finances from the UK government and other organisations can, and do get awarded to private schools offering a service, teaching or conservation.
The money requires being applied for and would come with certain conditions of use that could involve providing benefit to the local community.
Do UK private schools get government funding?
United Kingdom private schools don’t receive government general financial funding as they are not governed or operated by local council or UK government education departments.
Private schools don’t receive state funding in the UK as the independent school sector is not eligible for UK state financial assistance as they:
- Restrict pupils by admission selection with written and verbal testing.
- Pupils are required to pay tuition fees each term.
An independent school can receive government grant aid or a subsidy for a service they provide, although it’s not for everyday running costs or building & maintenance. More than a dozen UK fee paying schools have received UK department of education subsidies for offering teaching in languages for state school children.
The financial subsidy given as UK state funding was a one off with strict criteria to deliver language tuition for children in the local community not enrolled at the school.
Grants issued by the UK government if it’s from the education, environment or arts departments are available to commercial businesses that meet strict criteria.
Which schools receive UK state finance?
Schools that receive state funding are run by local councils including nursery, primary & secondary, academies schools that accept children from 4-18 years old with free education.
State schools receive educational & salaries funds and a separate allocation payment each year for building & maintenance care.
The total funding a state school receives is mainly per pupil amount of finance given to the school each year and they are able to apply for other money related to pupil education.